In the name of the merciful and compassionate God.
Celebrated be the praises of Him who took His servant for a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Remote Mosque, the precincts of which we have blessed, to show him of our signs!
It was an enormous wooden building with no less than 14 aisles on either side of the central nave. The next and first of the permanent structures was by Abd el-Malik and was completed by his son Walid I at the beginning of the 8th Century. This building was destroyed by the great earthquake of 748/9. The dome of one of the next models (1033), was so massive that the structure was unable to sustain it and the entire building collapsed.
The rebuilt one was taken over by the Crusaders in 1099 with the capture of Jerusalem and, because of large basement areas which legend said were the stables for King Solomon's horses and thinking therefore this was the site of his palace, they called it Templum Solomonis - Solomon's Temple. In 1118 when the Knights stationed here formed themselves into a knightly Order, they took the name Templars - hence the Templar Order of Knighthood.
Some rebuilding was undertaken during the Crusader reign (1099-1187) and parts of their work can still be seen both inside and upon the upper reaches of the façade.
Five different buildings have stood on this site and the last major reconstruction took place in the 1940's when most of the interior was renovated.
The Kaaba in Mecca - the destination of all Moslems who must make a Haj - or Holy Pilgrimage to this site at least once in their lifetime
To learn more about Mecca and the Haj you can try here
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